The National Testing Agency has released the complete syllabus for the JEE main exam 2024. The syllabus can be found on the official website in the PDF form. The aspirants should keep a note of the syllabus and the important topics for preparation. The JEE main syllabus 2024 comprises six sections – mathematics, physics, chemistry, aptitude, drawing, and planning.

The mathematics, physics, and chemistry syllabus are generally for the paper 1. The aptitude & drawing, and the planning test syllabus for the JEE Main syllabus 2024 are for papers 2a and 2b respectively. The National Testing Agency keeps updating and changing the JEE main syllabus frequently. Students should be updated with the latest syllabus through the official website.

## JEE Main 2024 Syllabus

The syllabus for the first paper of the JEE Main exam 2024 is quite vast. The students need to understand the entire syllabus and their subtopics cs in order to perform well in the exam. The syllabus for the JEE Main Syllabus for Paper 1 can be divided into six sections.

- JEE Main Syllabus for Mathematics
- JEE Main Syllabus for Physics
- JEE Main Syllabus for Chemistry
- JEE Main Syllabus for Aptitude Test
- JEE Main Syllabus for Drawing Test
- JEE Main Syllabus for Planning Test

## JEE Main Syllabus 2024 for Mathematics

According to the official syllabus of mathematics syllabus released by the NTA, there are 14 units in total. The table below depicts the total units for the mathematics syllabus.

SETS, RELATIONS, AND FUNCTIONS | COMPLEX NUMBERS AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS | MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS |

PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS | BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS SIMPLE APPLICATIONS | SEQUENCE AND SERIES |

LIMIT, CONTINUITY, AND DIFFERENTIABILITY | INTEGRAL CALCULAS | DIFFRENTIAL EQUATIONS |

CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY | THREE-DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY | VECTOR ALGEBRA |

STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY | TRIGONOMETRY |

Let’s now discuss the topic-wise syllabus for mathematics subjects in detail.

### Unit 1: Sets, Relations, and Functions

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the unit Sets, relations, and functions are mentioned here. The important topics include – Sets and their representation: Union, intersection, and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Type of relations, equivalence relations, functions; one-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions.

### Unit 2: Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the unit complex numbers and quadratic equations are mentioned here. The important topics include – Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a + ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus, and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions Relations between roots and co-efficient, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

### Unit 3: Matrices and Determinants

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the third unit are mentioned here. The important topics include – Matrices, algebra of matrices, type of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two and three, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants, Adjoint, and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using matrices.

### Unit 4: Permutation and Combination

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the fourth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – The fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as a section, the Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), and simple applications.

### Unit 5: Binomial Theorem and Its Simple Applications

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the fifth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include the binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, and simple applications.

### Unit 6: Sequence and Series

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the sixth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers, Relation between A.M and G.M.

### Unit 7: Limit, Continuity, and Differentiability

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the seventh unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Real–valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity, and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite, and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two, Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic-increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable.

### Unit 8: Integral Calculus

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the eighth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Integral as an anti-derivative and fundamental integral involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Integrations by substitution, by parts, and by partial functions. Integration using trigonometric identities.

### Unit 9: Differential Equations

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the ninth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree, the solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of a homogeneous and linear differential equation of the type.

### Unit 10: Co-ordinate Geometry

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the tenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – A cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus, and its equation, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, and intercepts of a line on the co-ordinate axis.

**Straight line**: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, the distance of a point from a line, coordinate of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle.**Circle, conic sections**: A standard form of equations of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and central, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and sections of conics, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms.

### Unit 11: Three-Dimensional Geometry

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the eleventh unit is mentioned here. The important topics include the coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios, direction cosines, and the angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them, and its equation. Equations of a line.

*Unit 12: Vector Algebra*

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the twelfth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space, and scalar and vector products.

### Unit 13: Statistics and Probability

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the thirteenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include –

- Measures of discretion; calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance, and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
- Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate.

### Unit 14: Trigonometry

The JEE main syllabus for the mathematics subject for the fourteenth unit are mentioned here. The important topics include – Trigonometrical identities and trigonometrical functions, inverse trigonometrical functions, and their properties.

## JEE Main Syllabus 2024 for Physics

According to the official syllabus of the physics syllabus released by the NTA, there are total 20 units in total. The table below depicts the total units for physics syllabus.

PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT | KINEMATICS | LAWS OF MOTION |

WORK, ENERGY, AND POWER | ROTATIONAL MOTION | GRAVITATION |

PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS | THERMODYNAMICS | KINETIC THEORY OF GASES |

OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES | ELECTROSTATICS | CURRENT ELECTRICITY |

MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM | ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS | ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES |

OPTICS | DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION | ATOMS AND NUCLEI |

ELECTRONIC DEVICES | EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS |

Let’s now discuss the topic-wise syllabus for physics subjects in detail.

### Unit 1: Physics and Measurement

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the first unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Units of measurement, System of Units, S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, significant figures, Errors in measurements, Dimensions of Physics quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

### Unit 2: Kinematics

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the second unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – The frame of reference, motion in a straight line, Position- time graph, speed and velocity; Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalars and Vectors, Vector.

Addition and subtraction, scalar and vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.

### Unit 3: Laws of Motion

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the third unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Force and inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses; and Newton’s Third Law of motion.

Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road.

### Unit 4: Work, Energy, and Power

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the fourth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, and power.

The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

### Unit 5: Rotational Motion

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the fifth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include the centre of the mass of a two-particle system, the Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, and their applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.

### Unit 6: Gravitation

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the sixth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s law of planetary motion.

Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period, and energy of satellite.

### Unit 7: Properties of Solids and Liquids

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the seventh unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, and Hooke’s Law. Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, and modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Viscosity. Stokes’ law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow.

Critical velocity. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer conduction, convection, and radiation.

### Unit 8: Thermodynamics

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the eighth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Thermal equilibrium, the zeroth law of thermodynamics, and the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.

### Unit 9: Kinetic Theory of Gases

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the ninth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include the equation of the state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, the Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, and the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro’s number.

### Unit 10: Oscillations and Waves

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the tenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Oscillations and periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period.

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of the travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode, and harmonics. Beats.

### Unit 11: Electrostatics

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the eleventh unit is mentioned here. The important topics include –

- Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb’s law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
- Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
- Electric flux. Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; potential difference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
- Conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, and capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy is stored in a capacitor.

### Unit 12: Current Electricity

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the twelfth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Electric current. Drift velocity, mobility, and their relation with electric current. Ohm’s law. Electrical resistance. V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power. Electrical resistivity and conductivity.

Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance, potential difference, and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge.

### Unit 13: Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the thirteenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include –

- Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
- Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
- Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances with examples, the effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

### Unit 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

The JEE main syllabus for the physics subject for the fourteenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: power in AC circuits, wattles current. AC generator and transformer.

### Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the physics subject for the fifteenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

### Unit 16: Optics

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the physics subject for the sixteenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include –

- Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, thin lens formula, and lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications. Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers.
- Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment, and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroid.

### Unit 17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the physics subject for the seventeenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include the dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.

### Unit 18: Atoms and Nuclei

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the physics subject for the eighteenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include the alpha–particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of the atom; the Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

### Unit 19: Electronic Devices

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the physics subject for the nineteenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include – Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; and I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR).

### Unit 20: Experimental Skills

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the physics subject for the twentieth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include –

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

- Vernier callipers -its used to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
- Screw gauge-its use to determine the thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
- Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude.
- and time.

- Metre Scale – the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.
- Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
- Surf ace tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,
- Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a
- given spherical body,

- Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube,
- Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
- The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.
- The resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.

These were some of the important JEE main exam syllabi for physics.

## JEE Main Syllabus 2024 for Chemistry

According to the official notification of the chemistry syllabus released by the NTA, there are 20 units in total. The table below depicts the total units for the physics syllabus.

SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY | ATOMIC STRUCTURE | CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE |

: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS | SOLUTIONS | EQUILIBRIUM |

REDOX REACTIONS AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY | CHEMICAL KINETICS | CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES |

P- BLOCK ELEMENTS | d – and f- BLOCK ELEMENTS | CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS |

PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS | SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY | HYDROCARBONS |

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS | ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN | ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN |

BIOMOLECULES | PRINCIPLES RELATED TO PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY |

### Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry

Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element, and compound:: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

### Unit 2: Atomic Structure

Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie’s relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, and its important features.

Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of Ψ and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d – orbitals, electron spin, and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle. Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, and extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

### Unit 3: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

- Kossel-Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
- Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
- Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR ) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
- Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
- Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features. LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy.
- Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

### Unit 4: Chemical Thermodynamics

- Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, Entropy, types of processes.
- The first law of thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond 10 dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution.
- The second law of thermodynamics – Spontaneity of processes; ΔS of the universe and ΔG of the system as criteria for spontaneity. ΔG° (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

### Unit 5: Solutions

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the chemistry for the fifth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include –

- Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and nonideal solutions.
- Colligative properties of dilute solutions – a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, Van’t Hoff factor and its significance.

### Unit 6: Equilibrium

- The meaning of equilibrium is the concept of dynamic equilibrium.
- Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid-gas – gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry’s law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
- Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of ΔG and ΔG° in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
- Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius. Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water. pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, and buffer solutions.

### Unit 7: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, and balancing of redox reactions.

Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.

Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

### Unit 8: Chemical Kinetics

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the chemistry for the eighth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include the rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order 11 reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

### Unit 9: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p. d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity.

### Unit 10: P-Block Elements

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the chemistry for the tenth unit is mentioned here. The important topics include –

- Group -13 to Group 18 Elements
- General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

### Unit 11: d and f Block Elements

Transition Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7, and KMnO4.

- Inner Transition Elements
- Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.
- Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

### Unit 12: Co-Ordination Compounds

Introduction to coordination compounds. Werner’s theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and in biological systems).

### Unit 13: Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds

- Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography – principles and their applications.
- Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens. 12 Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, and phosphorus.
- Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

### Unit 14: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p): Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

- Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles.

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond

- Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation. Common types of organic reactions are substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

### Unit 15: Hydrocarbons

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

- Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane): Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
- Alkenes – Geometrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect): Ozonolysis and polymerization.
- Alkynes – Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, and hydrogen halides: Polymerization.
- Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration. Friedel-Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.

### Unit 16: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

- General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
- Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.

### Unit 17: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS, AND ETHERS

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration.

Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nitration and sulphonation. Reimer – Tiemann reaction.

Ethers: Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH3, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (Wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of α-hydrogen. aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

Carboxylic Acids

Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

### Unit 18: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

- General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses.
- Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character.
- Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

### Unit 19: Biomolecules

General introduction and importance of biomolecules.

CARBOHYDRATES – Classification; aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose).

PROTEINS – Elementary Idea of α-amino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptides. Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

VITAMINS – Classification and functions.

NUCLEIC ACIDS – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA.

Biological functions of nucleic acids.

Hormones (General introduction)

### Unit 20: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, Sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups; hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.

## JEE Main Syllabus 2024 for Aptitude Test

The JEE main syllabus for the aptitude test is required for paper 2a of the JEE main exam. Students must keep a note of these topics:

- Unit 1: Awareness of persons, buildings, materials
- Unit 2: Three-dimensional Perception

### Unit 1: Awareness of persons, building materials

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the first unit of the aptitude test is mentioned here. The important topics include –

Objects, Texture related to Architecture and Build-environment, Visualizing three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings. Visualizing. Different sides of three-dimensional objects. Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual. Numerical and Verbal)

### Unit 2: Three-dimensional Perception

The NTA JEE main syllabus 2024 for the second unit of the aptitude test is mentioned here. The important topics include –

Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportions of objects, building forms and elements, colour texture harmony and contrast Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil. Transformation of forms both 2D and 3D union, subtraction rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Generation of plans, elevations, and 3D views of objects, creating two-dimensional and three-dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms.

## JEE Main Syllabus 2024 for Drawing Test

The JEE main syllabus for the aptitude test is required for paper 2a of the JEE main exam. Students must keep a note of these topics. Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of urbanscape (public space, market, festivals, street scenes, monuments, recreational spaces, etc.). landscape (riverfronts. Jungle. Gardens, trees. Plants, etc.) and rural life.

Note: Candidates are advised to bring pencils. Own geometry box set, crasets colour pencils, and crayons for the Drawing Test.

## JEE Main Syllabus 2024 for Planning Test

The JEE main syllabus for the planning test is required for paper 2b of the JEE main exam. Students must keep a note of these topics:

- Unit 1: General Awareness
- Unit 2: Social Sciences
- Unit 3: Thinking Skills

### Unit 1: General Awareness

The syllabus for the general awareness unit of the planning test includes General knowledge questions and knowledge about prominent cities, development issues, government programs, etc.

### Unit 2: Social Sciences

The syllabus for the social sciences unit of the planning test includes:

- The idea of nationalism, nationalism in India, pre-modern world, 19th-century global economy, colonialism, and colonial cities, industrialization, resources, and development, types of 21 resources, agriculture, water, mineral resources, industries, national economy; Human Settlements.
- Power-sharing, federalism, political parties, democracy, the constitution of India.
- Economic development- economic sectors, globalization, the concept of development, poverty; Population structure, social exclusion, and inequality, urbanization, rural development, colonial cities.

### Unit 3: Thinking Skills

The syllabus for the thinking skills unit of the planning test includes comprehension (unseen passage); map reading skills, scale, distance, direction, area, etc.; critical reasoning; understanding of charts, graphs, and tables; basic concepts of statistics and quantitative reasoning.

## FAQs

**Is JEE 2024 syllabus released?**

*Yes, the JEE Main 2024 syllabus has been released. It covers topics in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry. For the Mathematics section, the syllabus includes topics like sets, relations, functions, complex numbers, matrices, permutations, combinations, and more. You can find the detailed syllabus on the official website.*

**Is JEE 2024 going to be tough?**

*The JEE 2024 is expected to be challenging, as it assesses candidates’ understanding of complex concepts in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry. However, with consistent preparation and practice, you can overcome the difficulty and perform well!*

**What is the pattern of JEE 2024?**

*The JEE Main 2024 exam pattern consists of three papers and will be conducted in two shifts – morning and evening.*

**Is vernier caliper removed from JEE 2024?**

*As of now, there is no official confirmation regarding the removal of the vernier caliper from the JEE 2024 syllabus. However, it’s essential to stay updated with any announcements or changes made by the exam authorities.*